DOI: https://doi.org/10.11649/ch.2015.006

Transcultural and Transcorporal Neighbors: Japanese Performance Utopias in Jerzy Grotowski, Eugenio Barba and Phillip B. Zarrilli

Leo Rafolt

Abstract


Transcultural and Transcorporal Neighbors: Japanese Performance Utopias in  Jerzy Grotowski, Eugenio Barba and Phillip B. Zarrilli

This paper is mainly focused on the concept of transcultural bodily knowledge elaborated by Eugenio Barba and Nicola Savarese in their concept of theatre anthropology. Their research on pre-existent and pre-expressive values of the human movement, especially considering Asian theatre and performative practices, will be reexamined in the context of over-imposed interculturalism in Humanities and Social Studies. The focus will be thus put on the modifications of the bodily knowledge in this sense (Yuasa), as well as on the (re)appropriations of the Asian philosophical/theoretical embodiment schemes in the Western thought, not only from the standpoint of performative research made by Eugenio Barba and Phillip B. Zarrilli, but also from the standpoint of Shusterman’s pragmatic reinterpretations of Merleau-Ponty’s legacy, Schechner/Turner’s anthropology of human performativity, etc. In this context, the key idea of unique transcultural background of the human kinesis, employed mainly by Barba, will be put in an overall context of contemporary (trans)cultural utopism. The key element for interpretation will thus be an overall context of Asian martial arts practice, especially the significance of ‘iemoto principle’ (hereditary bodily technique) for the establishment of Grotowski’s, Barba’s and Zarrilli’s psychology and physiology of performance tactics.

 

Transkulturowi i transcieleśni sąsiedzi: japońskie utopie performatywne u Jerzego Grotowskiego, Eugenia Barby i Philipa B. Zarrilliego

Artykuł skupia się głównie na pojęciu transkulturowej wiedzy cielesności, wypracowanym przez Eugenia Barbę i Nicolę Savaresego w ich ujęciu antropologii widowiska. Ich badania nad uprzednimi i przedekspresywnymi wartościami ruchu ludzkiego, zwłaszcza w kontekście teatru azjatyckiego i praktyk performatywnych, zostają wpisane w kontekst nadreprezentowanego w humanistyce i naukach społecznych interkulturalizmu. Uwaga autora skupia się na zmianach w wiedzy cielesnej w tym kierunku (Yuasa), jak też recepcji azjatyckich filozoficznych/teoretycznych schematów wcielania w myśli Zachodu, nie tylko z punktu widzenia badań performatywnych Barby i Zarrilliego, lecz również w Shustermanowych pragmatycznych reinterpretacjach myśli antropologii performatywności Merleau-Pontiego, Schechnera i Turnera itd. W tym kontekście kluczowa idea jednego transkulturowego podłoża ludzkiej kinesis, wykorzystywana głównie przez Barbę, jest wpisana w nowy kontekst współczesnego (trans)kulturowego utopizmu. Zasadniczym elementem interpretacji stają się azjatyckie sztuki walki, zwłaszcza znaczenie zadasy iemoto (dziedzicznej techniki cielesności) w ustanowieniu psychologii i fizjologii taktyk performatywnych u Grotowskiego, Barby i Zarrilliego.


Keywords


transculturalism; interculturalism; theatre anthropology; cross-cultural performance and theatre practice; Asian martial arts

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