DOI: https://doi.org/10.11649/cs.2014.018

The Norwegian lexical item akkurat and the Polish akurat: a cognitive semantic analysis

Ewa Data-Bukowska

Abstract


The Norwegian lexical item akkurat and the Polish akurat: a cognitive semantic analysis

The aim of the article is to demonstrate to what extent the Norwegian akkurat and the Polish akurat show similarities and differences in their conceptual content (meaning). Adopting the perspective of cognitive semantics (CS), as described in Langacker (1987) and Lakoff (1987), I shall try to show that the meanings ascribed to these etymologically and formally related words constitute complex networks of senses, rooted in a prototypical centre in each of the languages under discussion. In addition to this, the findings will be interpreted with reference to the process of pragmaticalization (a language unit’s development of increasing pragmatic functions). Within this theoretical framework I shall demonstrate that subjectification/intersubjectification and pejoration/melioration motivate the main semantic difference between akkurat and akurat. The analysis is based on Norwegian and Polish monolingual corpus data.


Keywords


contrastive linguistics; cognitive semantics; semantic network; intensifying/discoursive operators; Norwegian/Polish

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References


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