DOI: https://doi.org/10.11649/slh.2012.016

Miłosz, wojna i poezja cywilna

Irena Grudzińska-Gross

Abstract


Miłosz, war and civilian poetry

The article addresses the reaction of the Polish population during Second World War towards the military resistance to the occupier. The author offers a case study of the life choices of Czesław Miłosz, the poet. Considering them hopeless and counterproductive, Miłosz decided not to participate in military actions. He had no confidence in the Polish government in exile and its military decisions. Instead, the poet concentrated on writing and publishing; he also criticized what he viewed as unjustified sacrifice of life in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. His attitude was criticized then, and today continues to be a source of attacks against the poet. The article analyses the logic of national solidarity in the times of foreign occupation and the arguments of the poet’s critics. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that Miłosz’s stand was beneficial not only for himself but also for the community as a whole.


Keywords


Czesław Miłosz; „Sztuka i Naród”; Romanticism; nationalism; violence; pacifism; individualism; occupation; resistance; solidarity

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Copyright (c) 2012 Irena Grudzińska-Gross

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/