Instytut Slawistyki PAN
ul. Bartoszewicza 1b/17
tel./fax: 22 826 76 88
22 828 44 75
RESEARCH PROJECTS FOUNDED BY NATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER
1. Migrating ideas in the Slavic Balkans (XVIII-XX c.)
For years 2015-2018
The goal of the project is to examine the problem of migration of ideas related to Enlightenment and Modernity in the Slavic Balkans from mid18th till the end of the 20th century and to analyze the process in a novel, transdisciplinary and comparative way. A typology of complex hybridization processes of ideas under the influence of local conditions (ethnic, political, religious and language-bound) will be created. Among the research foci of the project there are strategies of reinterpretation rather than substitution of old ideas by the new ones. The authors would like to cover the process of emergence of new – heterogenic in their nature – meanings and thinking categories – which is novel in its character since it has no prototype in the Slavic studies and shall fill in the research gap found in the studies of the history of ideas. Furthermore, an endeavor of this project will be elaboration of a novel research approach combining the history of ideas, history of concepts, cultural studies as well as post-secular thought. Participants of the project shall prepare an editorial material of a "Lexicon of migrating ideas in the Slavic Balkans", which results from the need for a concise form of presentation of a heteronomous and overlapping contents. Simultaneously, an outcome of the project will be scientific papers concerning 'migrating ideas'. Research outcomes will be disseminated via presentations held during national and international conferences.
2. Syntactic properties of verbs as a basis for their integrated lexicographic description (in the Polish-Bulgarian-Russian comparative perspective)
For years 2014-2017
The main goal of the project is to study the relation between syntactic and semantic layers and to synthesize the analysis performed with regard to the contrastive perspective. The accomplishment of this goal is determined by the achievement of other detailed and interrelated objectives, i.e.:
a) a semantic and syntactic description of a chosen and semantically determined class of verbs in three Slavic languages representing three basic groups: West Slavic (Polish), East Slavic (Russian) and South Slavic (Bulgarian), on the basis of the model of semantic syntax, founded on propositional (predicate-argument) structures. The class discussed exemplifies verba sentiendi and cogitandi;
b) a coherent description of the elements belonging to a chosen semantic class in the aspect mentioned above; in case of polysemic lexemes, isolating units and semantic varieties is based on explicitly formulated criteria;
c) a comparative analysis and hence a study of the material in terms of the distributive and semantic similarities and differences;
d) an analysis of the material meant to reach conclusions of the lexicographical nature. The research hypothesis aims at revealing possibilities and efficiency of the research submitted for a coherent description of the semantic and syntactic layers of verbs and polysemantic phenomena, taking a contrastive analysis and conclusions on enhancing lexicographical information into consideration.
3. Contrastive Word Formation of Balkan Languages
For years 2014-2017
The main aim is to determine the specific features of the contemporary Balkan word formation in its semantic as well as formal aspect. To achieve this first we need to describe the formation systems using a common model. Thus, the starting point for synchronic comparison is the mediator-language, comprising semantic units - word formation categories. The confrontation of the linguistic data on the basis of a semantic mediator-language will allow to determine an inventory of word formation types, their activity and specificity in particular Balkan languages. In this sense it will be a contrastive, typological, as well as an areal study.
The starting point for comparison is description of the word formation systems of particular languages using the semantic mediator-language, consisting of universal units and semantic relations. This will guarantee compactness of interpretation and description of word formation means of the compared languages. In the next step it will allow to make a reliable confrontation of the results achieved in the description of particular languages and will allow to establish common and different phenomena.
4. Development trends of the Albanian word-formation from the sixteenth to the twenty first century, in time and space.
For years 2014-2016
Project Development trends of Albanian word-formation from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century, in time and space is to give a description of Albanian language during a period in which Albanian language is certified in writing. The study aims to verify the hypothesis about the natural development of Albanian language in the Balkan linguistic and cultural melting pot where linguistic convergence processes and language engineering occur. Research texts based on literary canon are grouped in time frames that has been dictated by the significant periods in the history of the Albanian people and nation. This will show mechanisms of the development of Albanian language at the level of word-formation processes and paradigms.
Research of Albanian word-formation developments is based on the analysis of texts that are grouped into stages that in fact are extremely important for the development of the Albanian language:
1. The first stage of the study: age XVI / XVII (first continuous Albanian texts, the period before Turk occupation)
2. The second stage of the study: the second half of the nineteenth century, the period before independence (1912)
3. The third stage of the study: the first half of the twentieth century - the communist period, which was characterized by the return of the northern variant (Gheg) to south (Tosk); a contemporary material.
The research will be conducted using a model based on the semantic approach to word formation. Description of lexical unit comes from the content and tends to form. The initiator of the semantic approach to word formation was Stanisław Karolak. His ideas used and expanded Viara Maldjieva to formulate a specific descriptive model of Contrastive Word formation in Contrastive Grammar of Bulgarian and Polish languages.
5. Identity of the Kaliningrad Oblast since 1991 to present day: constitutive factors and
direction of ongoing changes
For years 2015-2017
The aim of this project is to create a multi-dimensional, coherent picture of the collective identity of the inhabitants of the Kaliningrad Oblast in the Russian Federation by:
• Identifying the main elements constituting the collective identity of residents and a direction of changes occurring since the fall of the Soviet Union to the present day;
• Evaluation of the importance of factors causing the above-mentioned changes;
• Evaluation of the impact of age, education, or place of inhabitancy in relation to the abovementioned factors.
After preliminary research the following hypotheses has been stated:
• The complete negation of the Kaliningrad Oblast's past (earlier the region was called East Prussia), imposed by the Soviet regime, failed and the remains of the material culture and symbolic heritage of the pre-war Prussia linger among a huge part of the population of the Kaliningrad Oblast.
• The isolation of the Oblast from its neighbors, including the Baltic Sea region, and its increase after 2004 – when Poland and Lithuania join the EU, have a direct impact on how the Oblast inhabitants perceive the region and themselves. The range of this impact should be examined. The activity of NGOs, religious communities or informal groups exchanging ideas, is visibly bigger than in other parts of Russia. This fact may influence a hierarchy of values among the huge part of the population (i.e. the sense of identity with the region), and therefore on identity itself.
• The kind of attitude the central Russian government has towards development of the Kaliningrad Oblast, and the interests of the region, that may differ from the interests of the whole Russian state, may influence the way of perception of identity of the region inhabitants.
6. The place of the Macedonian phonetics within the Slavic and Balkan linguistic areas
Irena Natalia Sawicka
For years 2013-2017
The aim of the research is to develop the systematic phonetic detail description of the Slavic Macedonian language in order to determine its position within the Slavic and Balkanic linguistic areas. This is to be geographical-typological study. The initial hypothesis (based on pre-existing knowledge and studies) sounds: unlike in the case of other Slavic languages, there are no borders between the southern Slavic languages; instead there are smooth, gradual transitions from one language to another, and the transition band may even include half of the country. The aim of the project is to establish transitional areas and determine the degree of their belonging to the neighboring languages. With regard to the Balkan area (Slavic~non-Slavic borderlands) we can talk of mixed areas. In these areas, there is a huge mutual convergence, regarding not only the lexicon but also structural facts. The research hypothesis of this part of the project sounds: part of the Macedonian dialect phonetic phenomena, occurring on the border between Macedonian-Albanian and Macedonian-Greek does not indicate the closeness to the Bulgarian language (which is used in everyday circulation unprofessional research as evidence for the Bulgarian character of Macedonian dialects, with further implications) - these phenomena are the result of convergence between Albanian-Macedonian and Greek-Macedonian.
FUNDED BY NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMANITIES
1. Polish Language of Carpathian Bukovina. Documentation of the Disappearing National Heritage
For years 2015-2018
1bH 15 0354 83
The main goal of the project is to document the archaic Polish speech of Poles who live in the Carpathian Bukovina (Ukraine, Romania). The particular goals include the following:
a) the registration of the sound of the Polish language which is used by the oldest members of the Polish community in Bukovina (the conduct of in-depth interviews with these people devoted to the language in the local traditions and legends, annual and family ceremonies, local customs and traditional occupations),
b) the development of a half-phonetic transcription of recordings which will be prepared in this way,
c) the development of a scholarly commentary containing a description of the sociolinguistic situation of multilingual communities,
d) the description of the functioning of the Polish dialect in various spheres of communication,
e) the development of a dictionary of terms which function in the Polish dialect in Bukovina and which have been borrowed from other languages, e.g. from Ukrainian, Romanian, German or Yiddish.
Thus the project will combine documentation-related and scholarly goals.
The urgent necessity of collecting sound materials and the preparation of their transcription and linguistic commentary is justified by the fact associated with the natural passing of the oldest users of the dialectal variant of the Polish language. Preliminary research proves that the young representatives of the Polish community in Bukovina use the archaic Polish language (dialect) very rarely. The Polish language that they use is the modern language which they were taught at school. Hence the urgent necessity to continue research especially among the people who represent the oldest generation of Poles in Bukovina in order to document their language.
Owing to the holistic approach which is planned in the project, construed by the team as the documenting of the speech of the oldest Poles both in Ukrainian Bukovina and in Romanian Bukovina, it will be possible to compare various communities whose representatives live in the same geographical area and at the same time, which are characterised by the variable extent to which the language, tradition and culture are preserved. It will also be possible to answer the question why in certain communities speech functions in day-to-day contacts and why in other communities it does not, and what factors determine the preservation of the archaic speech and which determine its decline.
2. Slavic Monographs. Linguistics and Culture Studies
For years 2014-2017
3. The Continuation of Proto-Slavic Dictionary
For years 2012-2016
11H 11 026480
4. Testimonia of ancient history of Slavs. Latin series. Volume 1: Antiquity
For years 2012-2016
11H 12 0313 81
5. Dictionary of Bartholomew from Bydgoszcz (1532 and 1534) - Polish-Latin version
† Elżbieta Kędelska; since XII 2014 Lucyna Jankowiak
For years 2012-2017
11H 12 0278 81